The War of Independence 1919 – 1921, ** in which Michael Collins
played a leading role, was ended by negotiation and treaty. That
negotiation and Treaty led to Civil War, which proved to
be the end of Michael Collins.
The Collins-DeValera Pact was one major effort to resolve the situation
without violent conflict: it began in May 1922.
Some excerpts from the book on this subject:
“In the subsequent months, painstaking efforts were made to restore
unity. The Dáil, the IRB, and Army representatives met continually,
striving to find some means to proceed without armed conflict…
Many strove desperately to find some means of going forward
without civil conflict. Indeed, there is an awesome sense of tragedy,
in reviewing the transcripts of these debates: to hear echo again the
penetrating observations, poignant pleas, passionate oaths, of the
greatest hearts and minds of that heroic era; many of whom would
soon be silenced forever. Silenced by the outcome of their own
relentless march: into the disaster which they all knew that this
war would bring…
Ultimately all these efforts culminated in the Collins-DeValera Pact.
This stipulated that new elections be immediately held: candidates
for the Dáil would stand as either pro- or anti-Treaty, and a national
referendum would decide on whether or not to accept the Treaty.
No matter which side proved more numerous, pro- and anti-Treaty
representatives would cooperate together in a coalition government.
(This would be the Third Dáil.)“
“The Assassination of Michael Collins:
What Happened At Béal na mBláth?”
by S M Sigerson
Paperback or Kindle edition here: